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Doctor's Best L-Citrulline, Non-GMO, Vegan, Gluten Free, Soy Free, 200g

SKU: B01E19M0IU

$19.07

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From the manufacturer

L-Citrulline, named after watermelon Citrullus vulgaris from which it was first isolated. It is an α-amino acid well studied that is an effective and natural precursor of L-arginine and is one of the three dietary amino acids in the urea cycle.1 L-Citrulline is also found in some foods like watermelons, cucumbers, squashes and pumpkins. Its basic function is to detoxify ammonia via conversion to urea from the body.2 Doctor's Best L-Citrulline plays an important role in nitric oxide metabolism and regulation. It is converted to and supports L-arginine and nitric oxide (NO) levels. Increased production of nitric oxide promotes vascular dilation which improves oxygen and blood circulation throughout the body. L-Citrulline may also relieve muscle fatigue through ammonia elimination.*3

In clinical trials, L-Citrulline has been used safely and was well tolerated in children and adults.4,5 L-Citrulline is considered safe according to existing data and has been granted self-affirmed GRAS status.

Doctor's Best L-Citrulline helps support nitric oxide metabolism.* - Nitric oxide (NO) is a key molecule involved in a variety of biological functions throughout the entire body. No regulates vascular tone and blood flow. In particular, it plays an essential role in improving hardness as it acts both as a vasodilator of smooth muscle cells of the penile arteries and as a neurotransmitter in the penile nerve fibers.6 Also, in the brain, NO regulates processes involved in behavior and cognitive functions.7 Endogenous enzymatic nitric oxide formation is catalyzed by nitric oxide synthase (NOS) through a series of redox reactions involving oxidative degradation, L-arginine and L-Citrulline. To maintain nitric oxide level in the body, L-Citrulline supplementation was shown to be an excellent L-arginine precursor.*8,9

Doctor's Best L-Citrulline helps support muscle protein synthesis and relieve muscle fatigue.*

Arginine is an essential amino acid precursor for the synthesis of muscle proteins and other molecules with important biological activities like nitric oxide, ornithine and urea. However, arginine coming from food is mostly withdrawn from the hepatic portal blood flow making it less available to build muscle. The liver is unable to uptake L-Citrulline, hence making L-Citrulline more available to the whole body. Many studies have showed that L-Citrulline supplementation was able to raise plasma L-arginine allowing higher protein synthesis and higher protein content in muscle during exercice.*10

Doctor's Best L-Citrulline helps support vascular health.*

Supplemental administration of L-Citrulline, which is converted to L-arginine in the kidney, vascular endothelium and other cells, is an effective means of elevating plasma and tissue levels of L-arginine. When given orally as supplement, L-Citrulline is more effective than L-arginine in raising circulating L-arginine levels because it bypasses metabolism in the gastrointestinal tract and liver. Therefore, use of L-Citrulline supplements is a promising alternative to support vascular health.*11,12

Pharmacological And Clinical Studies

In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over study, 20 healthy volunteers received different dosing regiments of placebo, citrulline (0.75g - 3g twice daily ), and arginine. Results showed that oral L-Citrulline supplementation raises plasma L-arginine concentration more effectively than L-arginine supplementation and NO-dependent signaling in a dose-dependent manner.*13

A randomized, double-blind, 2-period crossover study was conducted in 41 male participants to determine the effects of an oral single dose of citrulline malate (8g of Citrulline malate) just 1 hour before an anaerobic exercise. The results showed that citrulline supplementation might be useful in increasing athletic performance and in relieving post-exercise muscle soreness.*14

In a single-blind study, male participants were to receive placebo for a month then L-Citrulline 1.5g/day, for another month. Oral L-Citrulline supplementation for 1 month was able to improves hardness enough in 12 of 24 patients. L-Citrulline supplementation proved to be safe and was psychologically well accepted by participants.*15

A four-week oral L-Citrulline supplementation conducted in young normotensive men showed that L-Citrulline (6 g/day) has positive effect on vascular health.*16

In a small clinical study, participants who received 3.2 g/day of L-Citrulline showed improvement in myocardial blood supply thus enhancing cardiovascular health in healthy volunteers.*17

In a clinical study, 35 participants were randomly assigned to receive either placebo or L-Citrulline (3 g/day) for 4 months. The results showed that L-Citrulline supplementation can improve cardiovascular health.*18

The short-term effects of L-Citrulline supplementation on vascular tone was conducted in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial among 15 volunteers. Participants who received 5.6 g/day of L-Citrulline for 7 days saw improvement in vascular tone.*19

Scientific References

1. Mandel H, Levy N, Izkovitch S et al. Elevated plasma citrulline and arginine due to consumption of Citrullus vulgaris (watermelon). J Inherit. Metab. Dis. 2005;28:467-472.

2. Kaore SN, Amane HS, and Kaore NM. Citrulline: Pharmacological perspectives and its role as an emerging biomarker in future. Fundamental Clin Pharmacol. 2013;27:35-50.

3. Curis E, Nicolis I, Moinard C et al. Almost all about citrulline in mammals. Amino Acids. 2005;29:177-205.

4. Moinard C, Nicolis I, Neveux N et al. Dose-ranging effects of citrulline administration on plasma amino acids and hormonal patterns in healthy subjects: the Citrudose pharmacokinetic study. British J Nutr. 2008;99:855-862.

5. Rouge C, Des Robert C, Robins S et al. Manipulation of citrulline availability in humans. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007;293:G1061-G1067.

6. Burnett AL. Novel nitric oxide signaling mechanisms regulate the erectile response. Int J Impot Res Suppl. 2004;1:S15-S19.

7. Luiking YC, Engelen M and Deutz N. Regulation of nitric oxide production in health and disease. Curr Opinion Clin Nut Metab Care. 2010;13:97-104.

8. Raghavan SAV and Dikshit M. L-Citrulline mediated relaxation in the control and lipopolysaccharide-treated rat aortic rings. Eur J Pharmacol. 2001;431:61-69.

9. Meijer AJ, Lamers WH and Chamuleau RA. Nitrogen metabolism and ornithine cycle function. Physiol Rev. 1990;70:701.

10. Sureda A, Cordova A, Ferrer MD et al. L-Citrulline-malate influence over branched chain amino acid utilization during exercise. Eur J Physiol. 2010;110:341-35.

11. Bahri S, Zerrouk N, Aussel C et al. Citrulline: From metabolism to therapeutic use. Nutrition. 2013;29:479-484.

12. Romero MJ, Platt DH, Caldwell RB et al. Therapeutic Use of Citrulline in Cardiovascular Disease. Cardiovascular Drug Reviews. 2006;24:275-290.

13. Schwedhelm E, Maas R, Freese R, et al. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of oral L-citrulline and L-arginine: impact on nitric oxide metabolism. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 2007;65:51-59.

14. Pérez-Guisado J and Jakeman PM. Citrulline Malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness. J Strength Conditioning Res. 2010;24:1215-1222.

15. Cormio L. Oral L-Citrulline Supplementation improves hardness in men with mild erectile dysfunction. Urology. 2011;77:119-122.

16. Figueroa A, Trivino JA, Sanchez-Gonzalez MA et al. Oral L-Citrulline supplementation attenuates blood pressure response to cold pressor test in young men. Am J Hypertension. 2010;23:12-16.

17. Kameda N, Okigawa T, Kimura T et al. The effect of L-citrulline ingestion on ECG QT interval and autonomic nervous system activity. J Physiol Anthropol. 2011;30:41-45.

18. Balderas-Munoz K, Castillo-Martínez L, Orea-Tejeda A et al. Improvement of ventricular function in systolic heart failure patients with oral L-citrulline supplementation. Cardiol J. 2012;19:612.

19. Ochiai M, Hayashi T, Morita M et al. Short-term effects of l-citrulline supplementation on arterial stiffness in middle-aged men. Int J Cardiol. 2012;2010;155:257-261.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product in not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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Shipping & Returns

Domestic Shipping

Delivery occurs 6 to 10 business days after processing ends, pending availability and credit card verification. Processing the order can take up to 10 business days. Please allow additional processing time during promotional events. Ground delivery to Hawaii and parts of Alaska may take more than 8 business days. 

 

Luxotia will contact you with a follow-up email if the merchandise you have selected is not available at the time of order processing.

You will be fully charged for any item ordered, the moment you placed the order. The charge is an automatic process. If you change your mind since the order ships, we will issue a full refund without any fine or any kind of tax.

You will be contacted by e-mail with a tracking number when your order leaves our distribution center.

Please note that items are not guaranteed in stock due to orders being filled from multiple locations. If we are unable to complete your order, you will be notified via email as soon as possible.

We are responsible for your new purchase until it reaches the Post Office.

In the case that your shipment is lost or damaged in transit, you are responsible to file the claim with USPS / UPS or any other shipping carrier. We are not responsible for lost packages during transit or shipments sent to forwarding services or companies, regardless of the shipping service selected. If you place an order and your shipping address is a forwarding address, you are responsible for contacting your forwarding company or service to locate your shipment.

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Return Policy


If a purchase was made on or after 2/15, customers will be able to return to stores for 30 days after stores reopen.


At Luxotia, we want you to be pleased with your purchase. If for any reason you are not completely satisfied, you may return or exchange your purchase when it is presented with established proof of purchase in saleable condition. Simply follow the guidelines below:

Returns are eligible for a full refund if returned within 30 days with a receipt.Unfortunately, we cannot exchange, replace or credit gourmet, monogrammed or personalized items.We recognize that returns are important to our customers. To ensure a positive shopping experience for all our customers, if we identify an unreasonable return pattern, we may restrict or refuse future transactions from such customers.For all returns, merchandise must be presented in saleable condition and established proof of purchase is required.How to Make a Return

1. GET YOUR INVOICE READY
To start your return you will need to find your order number in one of these locations below:

Top right corner of your packing slipSubject line of your shipping confirmationLuxotia.com account - Order History

2. PREPARE YOUR PACKAGE

Pack your return securely, in the original package, if possible, and include your printed invoice.Contact us at contact@luxotia.com to issue a packing slip (return slip)Affix your shipping label to the package, making sure no other tracking labels are showing.


3. SHIP IT

When your package is ready, you can ship it via FedEx or the U.S. Postal Service

For FedEx, drop it off at your nearest FedEx location.For the U.S. Postal Service, give it to your mail carrier or drop it off at your nearest post office.


4. TRACK IT

Click on the "track Your Return" button in your return confirmation email to track the status of your return. Please allow 10-14 business days for the processing of your return by mail.


Refunds in the form of original payment can take up to 3 weeks to be credited back to your account

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Doctor's Best L-Citrulline, Non-GMO, Vegan, Gluten Free, Soy Free, 200g

Doctor's Best L-Citrulline, Non-GMO, Vegan, Gluten Free, Soy Free, 200g

$19.07
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