Jarrow Formulas L-Carnosine 500mg, Supports Brain, Memory, Cardiovascular Health, 90 Caps
L-Carnosine is found throughout the body, but it is particularly abundant in those cells that are long-lived, such as nerve cells (neurons) and muscle cells (myocytes). Chemically, it is a dipeptide (a molecule consisting of two amino acids) constructed from beta-alanine and L-histidine, hence its chemical name - beta-alanyl-L-histidine. L-carnosine, as is true of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD), is one of a handful of compounds that are present in tissues at levels that correlate strongly with the life spans of animal species. Muscle levels of L-carnosine decline approximately 63% between the ages of 10 and 70. However, brain levels of L-carnosine remain high in comparison with the levels found in most other tissues. Scientists have speculated that this may be one reason that brain function remains stable into old age despite the brain’s dependence upon glucose for energy metabolism and the unusually high ratio of fructose to glucose in the brain.
- High quality L-Carnosine
- 500 mg of L-Carnosine per capsule
Cellular Rejuvenation & Healthy Aging, Protecting Against Free Radicals, And More*
The ultimate test of cellular rejuvenation is the way in which an animal ages. A Russian study tested the effect of carnosine on life span and indicators of senescence in age-accelerated mice by giving half the mice carnosine in their drinking water starting at two months of age. At the conclusion of the study, the mice given carnosine were about twice as likely to reach the “ripe old age” of 12 months as were untreated mice.
In vitro experiments confirm that L-carnosine provides protection against a wide range of reactive oxygen species including the hydroxyl, superoxide, and peroxyl radicals as well as singlet oxygen.* Such a breadth of protection makes L-carnosine one of the most efficient of free radical scavengers and antioxidants available to the body.* Furthermore, L-carnosine also appears to chelate excess metals that can be catalysts for oxidative damage and to help regulate the pH (acid-base) of tissues.*
Formation Of AGEs & Brain Protein Carbonylation
The proteins that make-up bodily tissues can readily be damaged as a result of oxidation and interactions with sugars or other types of aldehydes. The major forms of undesirable protein modifications include free radical damage, carbonylation (attachment of carbonyl groups to proteins), and advanced glycation end product (AGE) formation. All of these changes can lead to dysfunction in structural proteins and enzymes. Glycation refers to the oxidation and conjugation of protein by glucose. In chemistry, this type of reactivity is sometimes referred to as non-enzymatic “browning” (i. e. the Maillard reaction). The result is a complex set of reactions between glucose, or another reducing sugar molecule, and the amino groups of some amino acids in the protein. In fact, this is the process that occurs every time meats are “browned” during cooking.
An overlapping type of damage to proteins is the mere attachment of extraneous carbonyl groups. Some authorities estimate that in older adults, one third of all proteins may become carbonylated leading to a decline in a variety of cellular functions. L-Carnosine has been shown to “sacrifice” itself as a substitute victim to glycating agents, thus sparing the proteins and membranes which otherwise would have been the inadvertent targets of glycation.* Furthermore, there is some evidence that L-carnosine may react with and remove the carbonyl groups of glycated proteins in some instances.*
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
Shipping & Returns
Delivery occurs 6 to 10 business days after processing ends, pending availability and credit card verification. Processing the order can take up to 10 business days. Please allow additional processing time during promotional events. Ground delivery to Hawaii and parts of Alaska may take more than 8 business days.
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If a purchase was made on or after 2/15, customers will be able to return to stores for 30 days after stores reopen.
At Luxotia, we want you to be pleased with your purchase. If for any reason you are not completely satisfied, you may return or exchange your purchase when it is presented with established proof of purchase in saleable condition. Simply follow the guidelines below:
Returns are eligible for a full refund if returned within 30 days with a receipt.Unfortunately, we cannot exchange, replace or credit gourmet, monogrammed or personalized items.We recognize that returns are important to our customers. To ensure a positive shopping experience for all our customers, if we identify an unreasonable return pattern, we may restrict or refuse future transactions from such customers.For all returns, merchandise must be presented in saleable condition and established proof of purchase is required.How to Make a Return
1. GET YOUR INVOICE READY
To start your return you will need to find your order number in one of these locations below:
Top right corner of your packing slipSubject line of your shipping confirmationLuxotia.com account - Order History
2. PREPARE YOUR PACKAGE
Pack your return securely, in the original package, if possible, and include your printed invoice.Contact us at email@example.com to issue a packing slip (return slip)Affix your shipping label to the package, making sure no other tracking labels are showing.
3. SHIP IT
When your package is ready, you can ship it via FedEx or the U.S. Postal Service
4. TRACK IT
Click on the "track Your Return" button in your return confirmation email to track the status of your return. Please allow 10-14 business days for the processing of your return by mail.
Refunds in the form of original payment can take up to 3 weeks to be credited back to your account